Emergency, reconstruction and development
Preventing and responding to water-related crises : from Emergency to Reconstruction and Development
Water, the source of life, is also a source of tragedy. The frequency and consequences of crises (natural hazards such as floods and droughts, conflicts, human related crises such as conflicts, accidents and pollutions as well as epidemics such as cholera) have worsened in terms of the number of people affected as well as the duration of crises.
During these crises, the supply of drinking water and sanitation services, which are essential for life and human health, may be disrupted or even interrupted, with dramatic consequences for the victims. The entire international community must take better account of these crises in order to limit their impact. The response to these crises must take into account : prevention, response, reconstruction and development. Due to their long term expertise, water stakeholders have an important role to play in recognizing these challenges and adapting policies and practices.
The members of the French Water Partnership push for :
• Strengthening prevention measures to water related crises, enhancing notably the resilience of the most exposed and at risk populations.
The renewal of the Hyogo Framework for Action at the conference in Sendai, Japan, from March 14 to 18, 2015, will be an important prerequisite for developing risk prevention action plans for each country, in particular for water-related natural hazards ;
• Providing an immediate response by improving the coordination among the various actors to ensure access to drinking water, sanitation and hygiene services to all individuals affected by the crisis.
The adequacy of the response depends on the ability of all actors to mobilize quickly, in compliance with the basic principles of aid relief, and to coordinate closely in order to respond to a variety of contexts and types of crises ;
• Linking prevention, to emergency response, reconstruction and development.
– Preparing for the end of the crisis from the first day, in particular in the choice of infrastructure and procedures for allowing affected populations to access water and sanitation services ;
– Ensuring suitable funding for the transitional period between emergency and development ;
– Establishing cooperation and dialogue between emergency and development actors ;
• Strengthen the creation of multi-actor partnerships in reconstruction and development.